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Analysis of China's paper industry challenges in sustainable development

Category:Industry news  Date:2015-07-29  Views:1910  [BACK]
In the development of China's paper industry, China's huge consumer tissue market in attracting large number of SMEs, but also to make the random forest felling, heavy use of water resources, pollution and other environmental problems have become too high load prominent. China's paper industry industry output value accounted for about 3% of the national GDP, but the impact on the industry contribution rate environment caused by the formation of a severe contrast, the paper industry wastewater emissions ranks first in the industry, GAD emissions by up to 40%.
Meanwhile, the paper industry is an important basic raw materials and GNP are closely related to various aspects of the industry, the production process 80% -90% of the energy provided by the industry itself, the paper industry in the sustainable development of energy consumption is not the biggest challenge, but the environment protection.
From their point of view the development of household paper industry, but also showing some significant features, the industry continued to improve in the future development direction.
First, China's household paper industry restricted large industrial orientation and national policies.
China has long positioned to light the paper industry, paper industry development is subject to forestry, agriculture and light industry "separation of powers", the state of the industry, the lack of unified planning and guidance, not a complete long-term industrial policy, the state departments related policies have different provisions on paper, can not harmonize or even mutual restraint, resulting in paper that is larger macro environment.
Secondly, the high degree of dependence on foreign raw materials.
With the improvement of living standards of the domestic economy, the demand for paper pulp and other raw materials continued to expand, but the relative scarcity of forest resources in China, the vast majority of pulp imported. Removing the impact of the financial crisis on the paper so that in 2009 shrinking domestic demand for pulp, the domestic pulp imports have been showing a rising trend. But since 2011, the international pulp market is the development trend of ups and downs. High dependence on foreign pulp making industry is facing the threat of the loss of pulp pricing, a tremendous adverse impact on the industry.
Furthermore, tissue area consumption is not balanced urban-rural differences, lack Midwest and rural market development efforts.
Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou and other major cities and coastal cities in China household paper consumption most major markets. According to statistics, household paper consumption in these areas accounted for 60% of total consumption. Shanghai as early as in 2003 the per capita consumption of household paper reached 8 kg, close to the level of consumption in developed countries, while the central and western regions of tissue consumption is still very low, some provinces and cities per capita paper consumption the amount of less than 1 kg, and consumption levels of other Asian and African countries is quite poor. Meanwhile, between urban and rural consumption is also large, although China's urban population than rural, but the urban population living paper consumption accounts for more than 70% of total consumption, high-grade household paper consumption is mainly concentrated in the cities.
Finally, the lack of tissue varieties consumption structure is reasonable,
In recent years, the consumption of tissue paper towels fast growth. Toilet paper proportion declining, but still accounts for more than 66 per cent, accounting for about 30% of the tissue, which accounts for 8.50% napkins, facial tissue accounts for 8.80%, accounting for 12.70% of paper handkerchiefs. According to statistics, tissue developed countries, toilet paper consumption accounted for only 56% of the total, other household paper towel category accounted for 44% of consumption, the two share little difference.

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